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  • Tue 22 Jan 2008

    State of VR – Displays

    Published at 22:06   Category  

    [This article is super outdated !! For a more up to date page, please see my company's resources page: http://www.middlevr.com/resources/ ]


    [3 Jul 2010: Added VR Kit - Wall and HMD]

    [6 Oct 2009: Added Personal Space Station and NexCave]

    [ 7 Aug 2009: Added R-Screen and Virtual Showcase]

    [ 23 Jul 2008 : Added Workbench and Cave videos]


    - Projectors based

    - Screen based

    - HMD, VR Goggles

    Projectors Based

    The most impressive and immersive is the Cave system (also called SasCube, Move, Cube…). It’s a cube of at least 3x3x3m with at least four faces displaying stereoscopic images. The Cave at Iowa State University has just been upgraded and now has a resolution of 100 million pixels, featuring 96 GPUs and 24 Sony digital projectors.

    © Arnaud Muthelet

    Multiple users can fit in a Cave, enabling collaboration. Note that as of now, the displayed images have the correct perspective for a maximum of two users, and multiple-user interaction is not yet the norm.

    (c) S. Kuntz

    YouTube Preview Image

    Then several systems with digital projectors exist, from the Holobench and Holostage to the Reality Center and a “simple” mono or multi-projectors wall.

    Holobench – Photos © PSA Peugeot Citroën Mediatheque.

    YouTube Preview Image

    A Wall © Arnaud Muthelet

    A Reality Center © Arnaud Muthelet

    An HoloStage © Arnaud Muthelet

    YouTube Preview Image

    Clarte’s R-Screen

    YouTube Preview Image

    ESIEA’s Virtual Showcase

    Panoscope (c) Laval Virtual

    The Matsushita Electronics Hemispheric Dome is an hemispherical screen of 8.5 meters in inside diameter, 18 projectors, with stereo images projected on the screen having a wide field of view (FOV) of 180 degrees in horizontal and 150 degrees in vertical directions.

    Now that the traditional theaters are buying digital projectors that have great chances of being able to display 3D pictures. As 3D movies are coming back, we should consider them as potential VR centers !

    That’s why the biggest VR display is in Paris, in the famous La Géode theater that also hosts an Imax projector.

    (c) S. Kuntz

    (c) Dassault Systèmes

    You can now also create your own 3D Wall for less than 1000€ !

    Screen Based

    The Personal Space Station uses a screen and a mirror so that the hands of the user and the virtual environment share the same space :

    YouTube Preview Image

    The NexCave is a new initiative to try and create immersive walls using standard screens :

    YouTube Preview Image

    HMD, VR Goggles

    There is an impressive number of Head Mounted Displays (HMD) on the market. Some of them are getting more attention :

    (c) S. Kuntz

    - the eMagin Z800 seems to be the most successful. Priced at1500$, it has very nice displays (OLED, 800×600), but disappointing integrated trackers.


    (c) Trimersion

    - the Trimersion has the big advantage of being wireless and cheap (600$). Small resolution (640×480) and probably crappy integrated trackers. Note that the gun is not tracked.

    (c) Sensics

    - the piSight Sensics is a panoramic HMD, with a field of view up to 180°, and up to 4200×2400 pixels per eye ! It is made up of several OLED 800×600 displays (built by eMagin). The main problem is that if it is not perfectly setup on your head, you can see the seams between those displays. And it’s very expensive.


    1. [...] State of VR – Displays [...]

      Pingback by A VR Geek Blog » The state of Virtual Reality - Displays (part 3) — Tuesday, 22 January 2008 @ 22:20

    2. A small detail: the Sensics HMDs use Oled micro-displays, not LCD. They are actually manufactured by eMagin !

      Comment by David — Wednesday, 23 January 2008 @ 22:55

    3. finally broke down and bought a new eMagin on ebay for something just south of its original price. i just need a twiddler and i’ll finally be able to fulfill my long delayed childhood fantasy of building interesting wearcomps.

      Comment by rektide — Thursday, 24 January 2008 @ 0:42

    4. thanks, changed ;)

      Comment by cb — Thursday, 24 January 2008 @ 10:15

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